Zeehaen - 1:37.5 - From Dutch Explorer Abel J. Tasman

Discussie in 'Bouwverslagen historische schepen' gestart door Marcus Botanicus, 22 mrt 2020.

  1. Marcus Botanicus

    Marcus Botanicus

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    Zoals ik all hier heb geschreven https://www.modelbouwforum.nl/threads/even-voorstellen.270551/ ik ben een Nederlander wonend in de VS ten zuiden van Chicago.

    Zeehaen
    Second explorer ship from Dutch explorer Abel Tasman.

    But first some historical background information of a Fluit.

    Shipbuilders, skippers and other curious people, from near and from far, travelled to Hoorn in Noord Holland to look at the new ship. A prominent merchant, Pieter Janszoon Liorne, had turned his view of the ideal merchant vessel into reality. By the end of the sixteenth century there existed a ship type called a fluit, which had some specific characteristics.

    Seen from the side a fluit looks just like any old three-masted sailing ship. The mainmast and the foremast have square sails and the aftermost mizzenmast has a triangular lateen-sail occasionally supplemented with some smaller sails on the bowsprit and mizzenmast.
    The particularities of the fluit’s hull become apparent when seen from above or from astern. From above the outline of the hull appears as a rectangle box with slightly rounded corners. Seen in cross section the sides of the hull slope inwards, so-called ‘tumble-home’, which result in very narrow upper works. The rounded lower parts of the stern are crowned by a narrow flat transom, giving it a pronounced pear-shape. It might be that this shape, which stern-on gave the impression that the after works looked something like a thinly shaped glass, a flute, is the origin of the name.

    The Dutch fluit was a classic merchant ship of the 17th century. It was built to be economical in operation, carrying the largest cargo and smallest crew possible. The rigging was designed to be sailed and operated with proportionally small crews (12 to 13) , and its narrow upper deck was designed to evade Danish customs dues when passing through the sound in to the Baltic, where duties were levied according to the size of the breadth of the deck.
    There are several reasons for building a hull of this shape. Keeping the center of gravity low is perhaps the most obvious. The idea that the hull shape of the fluit was adjusted to cut costs probably derives from the general reputation of the Dutch merchants at the time. Creating a ship type that kept costs to a minimum becomes just another way to confirm their superiority and skill when it came to making profit.

    The fluit was a total success. From the end of the 16th century to the mid 18th century fluits were amongst the most common type of merchant vessels in Northern Europe and the Baltic Sea. In the Dutch Golden Age, 80% of the ocean going vessels were fluits and were built at an average of 400 to 500 annually. They were easy and cheap to build thanks to standardization of design as well as a technological improvements, such as the sawmill, which was invented by the Dutch.

    The fluit was a ‘multi-purpose’ vessel, a ship that with slight adjustments could meet a wide range of demands. Even if the term embraces a range of ships which share some important characteristics, there are variations with important differences. The size of fluits varied considerably. The smallest versions, sometimes referred to as the boot, were 86 feet at most (around 24m), whereas the largest versions were 140 feet (just over 39 m) and larger. Variations of the basic concept did not only affect the size, but included some special features connected to the trades in which these ships were used.

    Noortsvaarders or Houthaalders - Woodhauler was developed with ports in the bow and stern for loading long beams and timbers, They were of about 300-350 tons, with simple hulls and an armament of small guns.

    Ostervaarders, especially designed for the shallow harbours of the Baltic Sea.

    Fransvaerders, Spaensvaerders and the Straetsvaerders, so called because they were used in the trade with France, Portugal or Spain and the Mediterranean (through the straits). From the exterior, they differed from the other varieties through the beakhead

    The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, VOC, employed a number of fluits.

    Fluits were also used as whalers which are easy to distinguish in depictions as they have davits on the sides for lifting whaling boats.

    (If you got this far.... Thank you for reading and now you have a basic understanding of this unique and very successful ship).

    Biography about Abel Janszoon Tasman
    Abel Janszoon Tasman Biographical Note
    Abel Janszoon Tasman (c. 1603-1659) was born in Lutjegast, near Groningen, in the Netherlands. Not long after his marriage in 1632, he sailed to the East Indies and in 1634 he was the mate on a vessel sailing from Batavia to Ambon. He spent two years in the Moluccas seas, before returning to the Netherlands in 1637. In the following year, accompanied by his wife, he left the Netherlands permanently and settled in Batavia.

    Between 1639 and 1641 he commanded a number of expeditions to Japan, China, Formosa and Cambodia and acquired a reputation as a competent commander of long-distance expeditions.
    In 1642 the Governor-General and Council of the East Indies resolved that Tasman should command a major exploring expedition to determine the extent and coastline of New Holland. He was to proceed to Mauritius and then sail eastwards at 52-54 degrees S. lat., a latitude never sailed before. He would then sail eastwards as far as the longitude of New Guinea and the Solomon Islands to establish if there were any lands at that latitude.

    He was also directed to examine the northern coast of New Holland and ascertain if a passage south divided the west coast of Cape York from the coast of New Holland to the west. Sailing in the yacht "Heemskerck, burthen 120 tons, and the fluit "Zeehaen, 200 tons.
    Tasman discovered the southern coast of Tasmania, which he named Anthony Van Diemens Landt, and the western coasts of New Zealand, which he named Staten Landt.

    Landings at both places were very brief and the Batavian authorities later expressed concern that he had not fully examined the lands and people that he had encountered. Tasman then sailed north to Tonga and Fiji and returned to Batavia around the northern coast of New Guinea.

    In 1644 Tasman commanded the Limmen, Zeemeeuw and Bracq on a second voyage to New Holland. Leaving Banda in February 1644, he sailed along the southern coast of New Guinea, but failed to discover Torres Strait. He then charted the Gulf of Carpentaria and the northern and western coasts of Australia as far as North West Cape.

    The expedition covered a huge stretch of coastline, but because it sailed some distance from the coast it failed to establish that Croker, Melville and Bathurst and various other islands were in fact islands. Tasman was a member of the Council of Justice of Batavia in 1644-48. In 1648-49 he led a fleet of ships with the intention of attacking Spanish vessels in the Philippines, but the expedition had only limited success. In his last years he was a merchant in Batavia

    Book and plans
    Title - The ships of Abel Tasman.
    Author - Ab Hoving
    Plans - Cor Emke

    The book includes detailed information about the voyages, many pictures of the two ships as models and various paintings, detailed instructions of how the models are build whicth is the "shell-first" method, and an appendix of all the dimensions of the parts that make the models.
    Detailed plans (21 sheets) of both ships (Zeehaen - fluit and Heemskerck - war yacht) in the scale of 1:75.
    001 Fluit, Zeehaen.jpg

    CD-Rom has all the plans in the following scale. 1:50, 1:87. 5, 1:100, and 1:150.
    It also contains all the pictures in the book, tables with measurements and rigging pictures.

    Next, I will upload my build.
    Marcus
     
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  2. TIMBERWOLF

    TIMBERWOLF Forum veteraan

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    welkom hier op dit deel van het forum
     
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  3. Marcus Botanicus

    Marcus Botanicus

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    This is going to be a Plank on Bulkhead (POB), Plank on Frame (POF) combination.

    The paper plans are in the scale of 1:75. I am going to double the scale to 1:37.5 and the reason for this is that I want to built a large ship with lots of details. I have built several small Dutch vessels such as a Tjalk, Botter, Steenschuit, the Statenjacht Utrecht , and a Boyer so I am due for a big ship.
    002 Fluit, Zeehaen.jpg

    I took the body plans of the Fluit and copied them at twice the size on the printer. Made 12 templates and added another 8 so that I have a total of 20.
    003 Fluit, Zeehaen.jpg

    There is a bulkhead every 38mm.
    Took some computer Styrofoam and cut two long rectangular pieces from it. Made a slit every 38mm and slipped the templates in there designated slots, from #5 to #95.
    004 Fluit, Zeehaen .jpg

    Looking at all the bulkheads in a row gives me a good idea of the lines of the Fluit. These are extra steps and works for me. I did this as well with the Boyer and that ship came out great.
    005 Fluit, Zeehaen .jpg
    006 Fluit, Zeehaen .jpg

    Used quarter inch ply and drew each template on the wood.
    Next step will be to cut out the frames with the scroll saw.
    Thank you for reading all of this
    Marcus
     
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  4. Marcus Botanicus

    Marcus Botanicus

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    Finished rough cutting the 20 bulkheads out of 5mm thick Baltic birch. They will be carefully sanded to a width of around 8mm.
    007 Fluit, Zeehaen cut frames.jpg
    008 Fluit, Zeehaen frames cut .jpg

    The keel is in 2 pieces and I will use Nicolaas Witsen book (Shipbuilding in the Dutch golden age) , the one Ab Hoving translated, to create this.

    Been looking through that same book and will use many of the examples in creating the various items for the fluit. This is a great way for me to learn how Dutch ships were built in the 17th century.

    On a different note. I belong to the local woodworkers club and I get all my wood such as walnut, cherry, apple, elm, basswood Baltic birch plywood, etc, for ship building from the woodworkers. Their give their cut-offs pieces to me and I cut to size for my ships.

    Put all the bulkheads in a wooden clamp with computer foam in between them. This setup will give me an idea of the forms of the fluit.

    009 Fluit, Zeehaen bulkheads side.jpg
    Side View

    010 Fluit, Zeehaen bulkheads stern.jpg
    Stern view

    011 Fluit, Zeehaen bulkheads bow.jpg
    Bow view


    The foam will be replaced with balsa. All the balsa will be 34mm long between each bulkhead and that is what is next.
    Creating the taffrail and where the tiller goes into the ship is going to be a difficult exercise.

    Marcus
     
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  5. amazone

    amazone

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    hi marcus

    my englich is not that good but i build this one my self in 1/75 and is e hard not to crack on the planking so i wil follow you build ant see how you going e long.
     
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  6. TIMBERWOLF

    TIMBERWOLF Forum veteraan

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  7. Stephan Kertész

    Stephan Kertész

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    Welkom Marcus, leuk om een scratch builder te volgen. We gaan met veel plezier aanschuiven in dit verslag. Succes met de bouw.

    Ps ik zal de moderator vragen om het verslag in de juiste subcategorie te zetten zoals Timberwolf al aangaf.
     
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  8. Heinrich

    Heinrich

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    Hello Marcus. Good to see you here!
     
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  9. Hoosterw

    Hoosterw Vriend van modelbouwforum.nl

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    Hi Marcus, welkom! Leuk je hier op dit forum ook te zien.
    Natuurlijk gaan we volgen!

    Weer een leuk project.

    Kunnen we wel gewoon in neerlands schrijven? Of prefereer je engels?

    Groet Hans
     
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  10. janzwart

    janzwart verslagschrijvers

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    Welkom Marcus,
    Een fluit staat ook op mijn to do lijstje. (Maar wel veel kleiner) Maar ik ben er nog niet aan toe. Ben benieuwd hoe jouw bouw gaat verlopen.
     
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  11. *Hans*

    *Hans* Vriend van modelbouwforum.nl

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    Mooi! Ik heb al regelmatig gekeken op het Amerikaanse forum, leuk dat je ook hier gaat posten.

    Kun je je Nederlands ook weer wat oefenen... :)
     
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  12. Constant Willems

    Constant Willems

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    Hi Marcus,
    Be very welcome as a scratch builder,
    You built several small Dutch vessels, such as a Tjalk, Botter, Steenschuit, the Statenjacht and a Boyer.
    Can you show us some pictures of these models?
    Constant
     
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  13. Stephan Kertész

    Stephan Kertész

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    goed idee :) want we zijn dol op foto's
     
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  14. Jaques

    Jaques

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    Marcus welkom op dit forum en potverdorie het word er wel internationaal mee zeg, naast onze Belgische vrienden hadden we al iemand in China, Kenia en nu jou uit de States, :thumbsup::thumbsup: geweldig en laat al dat schoons maar langs komen hoor, zijn we helemaal dol op.

    Succes verder, en uiteraard zit ik er helemaal klaar voor;)
     
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  15. Stephan Kertész

    Stephan Kertész

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    En Limburg
     
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  16. Pingu57

    Pingu57

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    Welkom Marcus, en veel succes, en plezier met de bouw van je fluitschip.
     
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  17. Bouke van der Voet

    Bouke van der Voet

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    Hi Marcus!
    Wow nice start, respect!

    I'll get my klapstoeltje (no idea what that would do in english :) en sit front row watching (and commenting every once in a while :))

    keep going, it's a pleasure to watch
     
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  18. Marcus Botanicus

    Marcus Botanicus

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    Gentlemen, thanks for the likes and the comments.
    As I mentioned in 'even voorstellen', I speak, read and understand Dutch very well. I have somewhat difficulty writing Dutch.
    Dus schrijf in het Nederlands en ik schrijf in het Engels terug. Ik zal ook oefenen met het Nederlands schrijven.

    #amazone
    Welkom. Heb je een bouwverslag van jou fluit? Schrijf mij in het Nederlands. 1:75 is mij te klein. Wij hebben in mijn schepen club hier in Chicago een model bouwer die passagiers stoombooten bouwt in schaal 1:1200. Dus de Titanic is 12cm lang. Dat is een gepriegel.

    #Stephan Kertész
    Welkom op mijn bouwverslag. Het is een interessante bouw. Ben met de bouw op modelshipworld (Amerikaanse forum) begonnen. Ik kopieer het vandaar naar hier.

    #Heinrich
    Hello Heinrich, good seeing you here as well.

    #Hoosterw - Hans
    Hallo Hans, gewoon Nederlands schrijven

    #janzwart
    Welkom. Een van de reden waarom mijn fluit op een grote schaal is, is zodat mijn planken makkelijker te buigen zijn, vooral bij de heupen.

    #*Hans*
    Welkom, jij zegt het,...... 'Nederlands oefenen'.

    #Constant Willems
    Welkom. Is er op deze forum een categorie waar de foto's worden geplaatst?

    Van de botter, Steenschuit en tjalk heb ik oude foto's. Deze schepen heb ik in de jaren 80 gebouwed.

    #Jaques
    Welkom.

    #Pingu57
    Welkom

    #Bouke van der voet
    Welkom. Klapstoeltje is folding chair. Zeg het maar in Nederlands

    Marcus
     
  19. Stephan Kertész

    Stephan Kertész

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    Je kan het hier ook kwijt https://www.modelbouwforum.nl/threa...en-tekeningen-uit-de-maritieme-sector.270274/

    ik dacht clapseat :rofl:
     
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  20. Marcus Botanicus

    Marcus Botanicus

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    Belt sanded balsa blocks which are all 34mm wide and fit in between the bulkheads.
    012 Fluit, Zeehaen balsa sanding.jpg

    I inherited this monstrosity from a cabinet maker. If I don't watch what I am doing, the wood disappears very fast.

    Balsa spacers in between the bulkheads.
    013 Fluit, Zeehaen balsa spacers .jpg
    014 Fluit, Zeehaen mid line .jpg


    Glued the balsa spacers in between the bulkheads. Started this am with glueing 2 bulkheads and 2 balsa spacers.
    015 Fluit, Zeehaen glue bkhds.jpg

    Once the glue was dry, glued the two's together and ended up with 4 large pieces. Glued again the pieces together which resulted I 2 large pieces which I will put tomorrow together.
    016 Fluit, Zeehaen bulkheads glu.jpg
    017 Fluit, Zeehaen bulkheads glu.jpg

    All bulkheads and spacers have been glued together. All bulkheads have been reinforced with extra wood.
    018 Fluit, Zeehaen strengthen bulkheads .jpg

    I have spent a considerable time copying some of the plans at twice the size and then with a glue stick putting them together.
    018b Fluit, Zeehaen plans.jpg
    018c Fluit, Zeehaen plans.jpg

    018d Fluit, Zeehaen bulkheads.jpg

    Paper template of each bulkhead so I can figure out how to place the decks. I will make a notch on the inside of the bulkheads.

    Marcus
     
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